Авторы текста Александр Газинский и Ольга Синенко Данный текст является частью полного курса-самоучителя "Breakthrough" the Cool! Урок 10 (грамматика, лексика и обсуждение текста) страницы 424-432 Ниже текста даётся лексика, но только на 3 абзаца, чтобы не всё было на халяву
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1 Hello. My name is Olga. I’m seventeen years old. I was born in the capital of Russia, that’s Moscow. I have lived in Moscow all my life. I’m a first-year student at the Moscow State Linguistic University. A freshman, so to say. I hope to join the FSB (the Federal Security Service) after my graduation and become a professional interpreter. Just like any other girl, I like flowers, chocolate and terrific music.
2 This summer Sunday morning of the year 2003 has turned out to be very warm and sunshiny, indeed, and I’m keen on going out for a walk. It has long been my practical idea to go into the very heart of Moscow with my digital camera and take a dozen pictures to be used in this course. As you can see, my little idea has come true. Now I have a few wonderful views of downtown at my disposal and I would like to show them to you and tell you something that I know about them. In other words, I would like to be, so to speak, your story guide if you don’t mind, of course. It’s one of the easiest ways for me to teach you some more good English. By the way, have you ever been to Red Square before? … No? … If not, then I’m ready to take you there and somewhere else again right away. Are you ready? … Will you, please, follow me?
3 Let’s start our short excursion from a very big bridge the name of which, much to my shame, I don’t know. Although, I can excuse myself by saying that one can’t know all the names in such a big place like Moscow. … Back to the bridge, however. It gives us an excellent opportunity to clearly see almost the whole of the external Kremlin from a relatively short distance. Look how brightly the gilded cupolas shine! Well, can you see that blue and white riverboat going down the Moskva River? I used to like riding on them when a little girl.
4 We’re still on the bridge. Now look on your right side. Four hundred metres away, or so, you can see the Rossia Hotel. It’s one of the largest hotels that’s mostly intended for foreign tourists and businessmen. It’s built in the shape of a square with a lovely garden inside and each side of the hotel bears the name of the cardinal point it faces. There are four big restaurants on the ground floor and many smaller ones on the upper floors.
5 If you walk across the bridge back towards Red Square, you are sure to pass the Spasskaya Tower. It is the most important and the most guarded tower of the Kremlin because it is the main entrance for those high-ranking officials who work inside the Kremlin. From time to time, you can notice black flashy governmental limousines pull into or out of the tower gates. There is always half a score intent policemen standing their watch on every side of the gates. No public traffic is allowed around here and no unauthorised person is supposed to get near the gates. The tower is also famous for its big melodious chimes that strike the time every hour and can be heard from afar.
6 Here we are in the famous Red Square, now stepping upon the ancient cobblestones that have seen much of Russia’s sad and happy history. There is really a lot of exciting places of interest to see and marvel at here in this wondrous square. Just look around yourself! What do you think is the greatest sight of all that captures your attention at once? … The Lenin’s Mausoleum, the GUM or St. Basil’s Cathedral, which is located right across from the History Museum? As for me, I have always liked the cathedral. It looks so very beautiful and luring in all weathers, but not today. ... I wish you could see it right now, but unfortunately it is under restoration at the moment. By the way, have you noticed yet that there is a charming little church between the History Museum and the GUM? … “The GUM” stands for “the Central State Department Store”. … Time flies fast, doesn’t it? How long do you think we’ve already been here in Red Square? … According to my watch, we came here about an hour ago. What does your watch say? … Now let’s go that way towards Aleksandrovsky Garden, otherwise (= also) known as Kremlin Garden.
7 Presently, ladies and gentlemen, we’re passing the only public toilets I know within a mile or so. They are on your left side. … Excuse me, but it would have been wrong on my part if I hadn’t mentioned these toilets. If you want to use them now, I will be waiting for you right here.
8 Now let’s walk through those open massive gates on firm hinges and on small steel wheels. This is, my friends, the very jump of Aleksandrovsky Garden. And the first sight we can see is the Eternal Fire. The garden is not very wide, but it is rather long, eh? It stretches all the way along the Kremlin Wall as far as Big Stone Bridge. Shall we walk through the whole garden or would you like to walk only half of it and then turn to the right and see another sight that is also worthy of visiting? … The building that I have in mind is the Central Exhibition Hall. It was built a long, long time ago in honour of the victory over the French Army. Let’s go over there and I’ll tell you some more interesting things about it. … As you can see, it’s only a one-storied building. It’s rather wide and terribly long. If you walk inside this large building, you will understand that, originally, it was practically one enormous space with no inside walls or partitions. It can be simply accounted for by the fact that it was first used for military inspections during cold Russian winters. During the Soviet period, the Central Exhibition Hall was the Kremlin garage. Long before in the reign of Tsarina Ekaterina there had been her stables here.
9 Right before the Central Exhibition Hall, there is a wonderful public recreation area that is greatly loved by both Muscovites and those people who come to visit Moscow. Can you see that beautiful fountain with the four horses over there? I’d like to ask one of you to take a picture of me there.
10 Time flies horribly fast. No sooner had I begun showing you round the very heart of Moscow, than three hours slipped away in a flash. I may presume that all of you have got a little tired and hungry by now. It’s really about time to look for the nearest Metro station, isn’t it? … I know one not far from here. Still, there is one sight that I want to show you on our way to the station. … Here it is. It’s the Central State Library named after V. I. Lenin. I don’t think that I have to mention what an outstanding role Mr. Lenin was playing in the history of this country from the very turn of the 20th century till his death in 1924, do I? … So, this grey formidable building is made of granite. I’d like to draw your attention to the sign at the top of the library. It still reminds us of the Great Soviet Union. There is the abbreviation “the U.S.S.R.”, which means the former name of this country: “the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics”. One would certainly wonder why the authorities haven’t changed the sign yet. To any curious foreigner this sign would naturally pose a political question whether Russia has become an absolutely new country or it is still the country that has a lot to do with the past communist rule.
11 However long anything fascinating would last, end it would, right? So the time’s now come for me to say good-bye to all those who’ve been with me. I hope that my little excursion’s helped you a good deal both to get in touch with some interesting Moscow sights and, last but not least, learn some new necessary English words and expressions that you’re sure to use in your everyday speech. Thanks for your time and take care. I’m going down the escalator to catch a train back home. I’m very hungry and I’m eager to see my mother. I’ve got a lot of news to tell her during dinnertime. ... Bye-bye!
1 the Moscow State Linguistic University МГЛУ = Московский Государственный Лингвистический университет sl. a freshman первокурсник sl. a sophomore [`sofemo:] второкурсник the FSB = the Federal Security Service (the former KGB) ФСБ = Государственная Служба Безопасности (бывший КГБ) after one’s graduation после окончания (университета) sl. terrific music потрясная музыка
2 to turn out (to be) получаться, выходить to be keen on doing sth иметь желание что-л сделать to come true сбываться to have sth at one’s disposal что-л иметь в своём распоряжении
3 an excursion экскурсия much to one’s shame к большому стыду Although, I can excuse myself … Однако, я могу оправдаться … the external Kremlin внешняя часть кремля from a relatively short distance с относительно небольшого расстояния a gilded cupola [`kju:pele] позолоченный купол to shine (shone o (Am. eu), shone) светить; сверкать a riverboat речной трамвай the Moskva River = the Moskva Москва-река
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